Light Up Your Life With Islam

Salam,
Bismillah.

Literal meaning of the word grave (qabar) means to hide, to bury.

Life of qabar is also called life of barzakh. Allah says in the Quran, “and behind them is a barrier until the Day they are resurrected.” (93:100)
The word used for barrier is barzakh. It means after death till resurrection, is barzakh (or life of qabar).

When a person dies, the dead body if buried under the mud, drowned in the sea, eaten by an animal or burnt to an ash; wherever it rests or goes, is called its grave.

Punishment of the grave, in the light of Quran and Sunnah…

IN THE QURAN

Allah SWT says in the Quran,

“…and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment – The Fire, they are exposed to it morning and evening. And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”” (40:45-46)

These verses shows that they are given punishment of the Fire morning and evening, where are they now? Where do all dead people go? In their graves, as established above. And when the Day of Judgment will come, they’ll be given the severest of punishments. So it implies a punishment of the graves that they’re being given now and a severe punishment that they will be given on the Day of Judgment (and forever after it).

At another place Allah says in the Quran,

“…And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”” (6:93)

This verse shows that punishment for the disbelievers starts with their death. Where do they get that punishment? In their graves.

In another chapter Allah says,         

“The ones whom the angels take in death [while] wronging themselves, and [who] then offer submission, [saying], “We were not doing any evil.” But, yes! Indeed, Allah is Knowing of what you used to do. So enter the gates of Hell to abide eternally therein, and how wretched is the residence of the arrogant.” (16:28-29)

These verses show that the disbelievers are thrown into the punishment of the hellfire as soon as death comes over them. Where? In their graves.

Allah says in the Quran,

“And if you could but see when the angels take the souls of those who disbelieved… They are striking their faces and their backs and [saying], “Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire.” (8:50)

The disbelievers are started being beaten up as soon as angels take them in death.

Similarly,

“Then how [will it be] when the angels take them in death, striking their faces and their backs?” (47:27)

At another place in the Quran,

“Because of their sins they were drowned and put into the Fire, and they found not for themselves besides Allah [any] helpers.” (71:25)

Their graves were in the water as they were drowned. How did they enter the fire when they were drowned? It was the punishment in their graves.

IN THE SUNNAH

Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Janaiz, 376:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Once Allah’s Apostle passed by (the grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.” 

Bukhari, Book no. 3, Hadith no. 86:

Narrated Asma: I came to ‘Aisha while she was praying, and said to her, “What has happened to the people?” She pointed out towards the sky. (I looked towards the mosque), and saw the people offering the prayer. Aisha said, “Subhan Allah.” I said to her, “Is there a sign?” She nodded with her head meaning, “Yes.” I, too, then stood (for the prayer of eclipse) till I became (nearly) unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the prayer, the Prophet praised and glorified Allah and then said, “Just now at this place I have seen what I have never seen before, including Paradise and Hell. No doubt it has been inspired to me that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of Masiah-ad-Dajjal or nearly like it (the sub narrator is not sure which expression Asma’ used). You will be asked, ‘What do you know about this man (the Prophet Muhammad)?’ Then the faithful believer (or Asma’ said a similar word) will reply, ‘He is Muhammad Allah’s Apostle who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance and so we accepted his teachings and followed him. And he is Muhammad.’ And he will repeat it thrice. Then the angels will say to him, ‘Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you were a faithful believer.’ On the other hand, a hypocrite or a doubtful person will reply, ‘I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said it.’ (the same). “

Bukhari, Book no. 4, Hadith no. 215:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Once the Prophet, while passing through one of the grave-yards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet said, “These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid).” The Prophet then added, “Yes! (they are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmiy between friends). The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, “I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried.” 

Bukhari, Book no. 12, Hadith no. 795:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying “Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min adhabil-qabri, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-masihid-dajjal, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya wa fitnatil-mamati. Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minal-ma thami wal-maghrami. (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and from the afflictions of Masi,h Ad-Dajjal and from the afflictions of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the sins and from being in debt).” Somebody said to him, “Why do you so frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?” The Prophet replied, “A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them).” ‘Aisha also narrated: I heard Allah’s Apostle in his prayer seeking refuge with Allah from the afflictions of Ad-dajjal.

Bukhari, Book no. 23, Hadith no. 376:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Once Allah’s Apostle passed by (the grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.”

Bukhari, Book no. 23, Hadith no. 379:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar from his father: The Prophet said, “The deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over him.”

Bukhari, Book no. 75, Hadith no. 377:

Narrated ‘Aisha: Two old ladies from among the Jewish ladies entered upon me and said’ “The dead are punished in their graves,” but I thought they were telling a lie and did not believe them in the beginning. When they went away and the Prophet entered upon me, I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Two old ladies..” and told him the whole story. He said, “They told the truth; the dead are really punished, to the extent that all the animals hear (the sound resulting from) their punishment.” Since then I always saw him seeking refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave in his prayers.

Read more about punishment of the grave here.

If you might say, why do we need the hadith for reference? Why not only Quran?

Well, here’s your answer: http://rajazia.blogspot.com/2010/10/following-sunnah-concise-reply-to-quran.html

Wassalam,
Hajrah.

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Comments on: "Punishment of the Grave" (2)

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