Light Up Your Life With Islam

Archive for May, 2012

Fiqh-ul-Quloob Shifted

Bismillah.

“Heart Talks” (www.knowinghearts.wordpress.com) is the new blog address for Fiqh-ul-Quloob. Make sure to follow to receive updates via email.

We’re on Facebook too, just so you know. ;)

Spread the word.

Wassalam.

Unraveling the Mystery of the <3 [Fiqh-ul-Quloob]

Bismillah.

How it happened was nothing less than a miracle. And whoever played a part in it, is not hidden from Allah. May Allah reward everyone involved for their intentions, du`as and efforts in making this happen.

And my special prayers for our beloved teacher: Dr. Farhat Hashmi (referred to as Ustadha, Arabic word for ‘female teacher’). May Allah have Mercy on her, be pleased with her, forgive her her shortcomings, increase her ranks in Jannah, give us the opportunity to ‘chill’ with her in her personal garden in Jannah, and let us be a sadqah jariyah for her (as huge as possible).

For the clueless, I’m talking about the on-going “Fiqh-ul-Quloob” class with Ustadha. Shh! It’s supposed to be a secret (FAIL! -_-). It’s an Arabic book written by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Abdullah al-Tuwaijri (yayy! I finally know the full name by heart. :D), and it’s about understanding the hearts. Don’t you just love the concept? <3

We’ve only begun to read the foreword of the book, so it’d be unfair if I even try to describe what the book is about. But here’s what the title means: knowledge or deep understanding of the hearts.

Why the author decided to write it, is yet to be discovered. As to why we felt the need to study this book, well.. what do we understand anything about ourselves if we don’t understand our hearts? Need I remind you the importance of the mentioned organ? Thought so. e_e

Prophet (SAW) said:

ألا وإنّ في الجَسَدِ مُضْغَةً إذا صَلَحَتْ صَلَحَ الجَسدُ كُلُّهُ وإذا فَسَدَتْ فَسَدَ الجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ ألا وهْيَ القَلبُ

“Indeed there is a piece of flesh in the body when that stays right, the whole body stays right, when that goes astray, the whole body goes astray! Listen with open ears, that is al-Qalb (the heart).”

(Bukhâri)

Moving on, we have two targets that must be achieved while/after reading this book:

  1. Access Arabic literature (read: treasure) with ease. No need for translation.
  2. Tazkiyyah: purification (of the heart, soul and mind).

If these targets are not achieved, this course was more or less useless.
On the other hand, any other benefits we attain from it, are bonus for us. ;)

Stay tuned for more details on the first session! A LOT more to come inshaAllah.

Wassalam.

Are You a Concerned Parent?

Assalam u ‘alaikum.
Bismillah.

A lot of time Muslim parents or concerned elders want to know the kind of fun and enjoyment to have with their families which is not against the pure Islamic values, and would fill their house with peace and barakaah.

So, here are a few tips of halal entertainment. Share your own ideas in the comments section below.

  • Put up a new verse or hadith every day in your house. Fix turns for kids and let them compete each day that whose verse or hadith was more interesting. Hang a small white board on a central wall, for this purpose. Or put it next to the dining table or wherever your family gathers for, say, breakfast so that everyone can read it and benefit from it.
  • Inculcate in yourself the habit of reading. Kids would automatically follow your example and settle down with books when they see you reading. And this habit would then benefit them for their lifetime.
  • Plant vegetables or flowers in your garden, with kids. Nowadays children are so used to ordering food that they don’t even know where the ingredients come from. Let them know it. They’d get a sense of achievement that we helped dad or mom with growing this and now it’s ready to eat. Plus they’d learn that food does not appear in a wink. It’s a whole growing process. And they’ll also learn how Allah brings life in a dead seed. Moreover, it would be healthier to eat.
    Take them on nature walks. Or hiking. Do this on a one-on-one basis too and you’ll also get time to talk with them and know them better. Take a walk with your parents too.
  • Let the young boys lead salah every now and again. For teaching purposes and for developing a sense of responsibility in them. Produce imams in your house.
    Umar r.a used to wake up his whole family for tahajjud. Wake your family for tahajjud and Fajr. This would be the real love.
  • Travel with your family, to know Allah. Go to places and learn collectively.
  • Whenever you eat out, give charity with it, in the form of food. If you have something of Rs. 1000, give food out worth Rs. 500 (or more). Let the children calculate how much we owe to the poor people this time.
  • Play sports and involve kids in it too. For boys specially, target shooting and riding are really good. Don’t let them be couch potatoes. Play with them.
  • Give them Islamic education. Teach them all about Islam (not just basics) at home, and also try to send them to Islamic schools.
  • Get involved in da’wah, as a family. Dawah includes giving out books, DVDs, letters, emails, text messages, one-to-one talks, lectures etc. Children will start doing da’wah at their own level.
  • Visit friends and family, especially for da’wah purposes.
  • Volunteer with charity organizations. Clean out the cupboards and give out extra stuff every 6 months. Teach this to children too. Tell them to sort out their extra toys every 6 months. Teach them that Allah will replace it with something much better.
  • Take the kids to different lectures and halaqahs. Take the boys to the masjid (even for Fajr salah).
  • Watch good, healthy movies and documentaries with them. (Check them first and don’t leave it unsupervised). Like Universe series etc. Ones that are actually eman-boosters.

Taken from Br. Raja Zia ul Haq.
Follow him on his blog:
 http://rajazia.blogspot.com/

Wassalam.

7 Things You Should Know!

Salam,
Bismillah.

La ilaaha illallah = There is no deity except Allah.
This above statement is commonly known as ‘kalima’ among the Muslims.
Muslims believe that saying this kalima makes you a Muslim and is the pass to Paradise. But is it as simple as that?

There are seven conditions of the kalima (taken from the Quran and Sunnah), defined by scholars, and briefly described below. Do read them, follow and get a ticket to Paradise? ;) (InshaAllah).

Al-‘Ilm (knowledge):

Knowing. Allah says in the Quran, “So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah…” (Muhammad 19).

Blind faith is not at all acceptable. The person who knew that “there is no deity except Allah” will enter into Paradise.

So, knowledge makes the difference. Every person shall be asked 3 questions in the grave. If he answers them correctly, he’ll pass the final test. If he doesn’t, he’ll fail. The person who wouldn’t be able to answer the questions would say “I don’t know”. So, the difference is of knowledge.

It is said that obtaining knowledge is obligatory, which knowledge? Knowledge on the basis of which salvation depends! And that is those 3 questions of the grave.
For details on the 3 questions, click here.

If we know there is an exam tomorrow, we would study.
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w used to take out lessons for his companions from things like the flapping of birds’ wings, as quoted by a companion himself.
He taught wise words (kalimat) to kids too. (Like he once taught something to his young companion, Ibn-e-Abbas r.a.)

So ‘know’, and tell others too.

Al-Yaqeen (certainty):

This is the opposite of doubt. It’s about the certainty on the kalima and the certainty that everything other than it is false. Complete faith!

It is said in a hadith that there is no greater blessing given than certainty and health. So you should make dua for these. (I can’t seem to find hadith references; this is the meaning of the hadith).

This certainty of the kalima is a way for the expiation of the sins too.

Below is the story of a man who was certain that Allah is the Lord and can punish him.

‘Once there was a man on his death-bed, who, losing every hope of surviving said to his family: When I die, gather for me a large heap of wood and make a fire (to burn me). When the fire eats my meat and reaches my bones, and when the bones burn, take and crush them into powder and wait for a windy day to throw it (i.e. the powder) over the sea. They did so, but Allah collected his particles and asked him:
Why did you do so? He replied: For fear of You. So Allah forgave him.”

[Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, 659]

Why is there so much importance of Sayyidul-Istighfar? Because we express our certainty in it.
Click here for Sayyidul-Istighfar.

So, first thing is knowledge. And with knowledge comes certainty.

Al-Qubool (acceptance):

This is the opposite of rejection. Some people have knowledge and they are certain that this is the truth but they still do not accept, due to arrogance or some other such reason. For example, Abu Jahal knew and was certain that the message brought by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w is true but he didn’t accept. Similarly, the scholars of Jews and Christians knew and were certain that the message of the Prophet s.a.w is true but they didn’t accept.

“Those to whom We gave the Scripture know him as they know their own sons. But indeed, a party of them conceal the truth while they know [it].” (Al-Baqarah 146)

“Many of the People of the Scripture wish they could turn you back to disbelief after you have believed, out of envy from themselves [even] after the truth has become clear to them.” (Al-Baqarah 109)

“Indeed they, when it was said to them, “There is no deity but Allah,” were arrogant” (As-Saaffat 35)

“The most hated speech to Allah is when a man says to another man, ‘Fear Allah!’ and he replies, ‘Worry about your own self!’ “[Sheikh Albani authenticated it in Silsilatul-Ahaadeethis-Saheehah (#2598)]

Al-Inqiyad (adherence):

Obedience. To show by actually doing the stuff. Acceptance was to affirm by saying it and adherence is to do it too.

“And return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be helped.” (Az-Zumar 54)

It says in a hadith: “the believer is like a submissive camel, wherever he is led, he follows” [Ahmad (4/126), Ibn Maajah (no. 43), al-Haakim (1/96) and others – Hasan]

““Islam is to bear witness that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God; and to perform the prayer; pay zakat; fast Ramadan; and to perform Hajj to the House if you are able.”” [From Hadith-e-Jibreel, Sahih Muslim. Click here.]
So in this hadith, Islam, or being a Muslim, means to show it through actions too (prayer, zakat, fast, hajj).

As-Sidq (truth):

To bear witness truthfully from the heart. Because the hypocrites bore witness too but it was not truthful.

“And of the people are some who say, “We believe in Allah and the Last Day,” but they are not believers.” (Al-Baqarah 8)

Al-Ikhlaas (purity):

It says in a hadith, when a servant of Allah utters the words la ilaha illallah (there is no God except Allah) sincerely, the doors of heaven open up for these words until they reach the Throne of Allah, so long as its utterer keeps away from the major sins.

So Allah accepts only the sincere and pure acts of worship.

Prophet Muhammad s.a.w said that the person who will benefit the most from my intercession will be the one who said la ilaaha illallah (there is no God except Allah) from a pure (truthful) heart.

Love of Allah and Prophet s.a.w:

This too is a condition of the kalima. Loving Allah, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w and loving all those things that Allah and His Prophet s.a.w love. Loving Allah’s pious servants (auwliaa and scholars).

And [yet], among the people are those who take other than Allah as equals [to Him]. They love them as they [should] love Allah. But those who believe are stronger in love for Allah.” (Al-Baqarah 165)

Someone (either from the companions or the pious predecessors) said that if you want to judge your love of Allah then, whatever Allah dislikes you would hate it even more than ‘musabbar’ (it is an extremely bitter substance and is used for weaning off babies).

Denial of Taghoot (false objects of worship):

Denying everything that is worshipped other than Allah.

Just so you get a clear idea of Taghut, “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah and avoid Taghut.”” (An-Nahl 36)

“And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.” He will say, “My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing?” [Allah] will say, “Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten.” And thus do We recompense he who transgressed and did not believe in the signs of his Lord. And the punishment of the Hereafter is more severe and more enduring.” (Ta-Ha 124-127)

If you have any confusions, doubts or questions regarding your aqeedah, clear them NOW! Don’t just let it be!

Wassalam,
Hajrah. :)

P.S. Everything is taken from either the Quran or the sunnah. But I haven’t put those ahadith in quotation marks whose words may not be exact.

Do you have these Symptoms?

Salam,
Bismillah.

Effect of Eman (Belief) on Human Life

Below are some indicators that you should have in you, if you have eman (belief). If you lack some of them, analyze and correct yourself.

Love of Allah and Prophet Muhammad s.a.w (if you don’t feel it, you don’t have eman).
Allah says in the Quran, “But those who believe are stronger in love for Allah.” (Al-Baqarah 165).
Give marks to yourself, how much love do you feel?

“Unquestionably, [for] the allies of Allah there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve. Those who believed and were fearing Allah. For them are good tidings in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. No change is there in the words of Allah. That is what is the great attainment.” (Yunus 62-64).
They will not grieve; neither in the hereafter nor now i.e. in this world (as grammatically this tense is used for both present and future). They’ve got Allah’s love, they don’t care for other petty things now.
People are thrown in depths of despair when someone leaves them, but this is not the case with believers. Think of the Sahabiyya whose son was dead and she was talking normally with her husband. What gave her the strength?
Seek refuge from trials, but when you are afflicted with something then show strength, be brave!

“Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness-es into the light.” (Al-Baqarah 257).
This is for both the worlds. If you have Allah’s friendship, you’ll be shown a way everywhere.
And remember it says in a hadith, Allah gives eman only to the one He likes. Think, does He like me?

“Allah has promised the believing men and believing women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allah is greater. It is that which is the great attainment.” (At-Tauba 72).

“And whoever believes in Allah – He will guide his heart.” (At-Taghabun 11).
You will get guidance to the straight path.
“Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – their Lord will guide them because of their faith.” (Yunus 9).

You’ll be hopeful.
“but you expect from Allah that which they expect not.” (An-Nisa 104).

You’ll be saved from distress.
“and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers.” (Al-Anbiya 88).

You’ll be given a pure life.
“Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life,” (An-Nahl 97).

You’ll be given reward of your good deeds in this life too.
It says in a hadith, And He provides for him on his obedience.

“Those are the believers, truly. For them are degrees [of high position] with their Lord” (Al-Anfal 4).

Obedience becomes easy.
It says in a hadith, believer is like a submissive camel, wherever he is led, he follows.

He is thoughtful for everyone.
He feels for others as body feels for its aching head.

He feels happy in giving away for the sake of Allah.

He loves and is loved.
Abu Hurairah (r.a) narrated: The Prophet s.a.w said, “A Momin is an embodiment of love and affection and there is no good in one who neither loves nor is loved”. (Ahmad 400,2).

He uses his abilities in Allah’s way.

Allah puts his love in others’ hearts.
“Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – the Most Merciful will appoint for them affection.” (Maryam 96).

He is innocent. (But not stupid, he’s not fooled from the same place twice).

Shaitan has no power over him.
“Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.” (An-Nahl 99).
It says in a hadith, Indeed momin tires the devils like you tire out your camel in a journey.

From a hadith, A believer is like a mirror to the believer, he safeguards his property and he watches over his back.

He is very conscious about his sins.
It says in a hadith, A believer sees his sins as if he were sitting under a mountain which he is afraid may fall on him.

He accepts advice. (From a hadith).

Suhaib (r.a) narrated: Allah’s messenger s.a.w said, “Strange is the case of a believer, there is good for him in everything, and this is only for the believer. If a blessing reaches him, he is grateful to Allah which is good for him, and if an adversity reaches him, he is patient which is good for him.” (Muslim, Kitab-uz-Zuhd 7500).
I love this one, good in everything. We’re either happy or sad in our life so if we’re grateful and patient in both situations, there is only good every moment!

His food habits change.
He drinks in one intestine, whereas a disbeliever drinks in 7 intestines. (From a hadith).

His talk changes.
Abdullah (r.a) narrated: Allah’s messenger s.a.w said, “A Momin is not the one who taunts, curses, speaks indecently or abuses others.” (Ibn-e-Haban, Kitab-ul-Eman 192).

Wassalam,
Hajrah. :)

P.S. Everything is taken from either the Quran or the sunnah. But I haven’t put those ahadith in quotation marks whose words may not be exact.

Punishment of the Grave

Salam,
Bismillah.

Literal meaning of the word grave (qabar) means to hide, to bury.

Life of qabar is also called life of barzakh. Allah says in the Quran, “and behind them is a barrier until the Day they are resurrected.” (93:100)
The word used for barrier is barzakh. It means after death till resurrection, is barzakh (or life of qabar).

When a person dies, the dead body if buried under the mud, drowned in the sea, eaten by an animal or burnt to an ash; wherever it rests or goes, is called its grave.

Punishment of the grave, in the light of Quran and Sunnah…

IN THE QURAN

Allah SWT says in the Quran,

“…and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment – The Fire, they are exposed to it morning and evening. And the Day the Hour appears [it will be said], “Make the people of Pharaoh enter the severest punishment.”” (40:45-46)

These verses shows that they are given punishment of the Fire morning and evening, where are they now? Where do all dead people go? In their graves, as established above. And when the Day of Judgment will come, they’ll be given the severest of punishments. So it implies a punishment of the graves that they’re being given now and a severe punishment that they will be given on the Day of Judgment (and forever after it).

At another place Allah says in the Quran,

“…And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”” (6:93)

This verse shows that punishment for the disbelievers starts with their death. Where do they get that punishment? In their graves.

In another chapter Allah says,         

“The ones whom the angels take in death [while] wronging themselves, and [who] then offer submission, [saying], “We were not doing any evil.” But, yes! Indeed, Allah is Knowing of what you used to do. So enter the gates of Hell to abide eternally therein, and how wretched is the residence of the arrogant.” (16:28-29)

These verses show that the disbelievers are thrown into the punishment of the hellfire as soon as death comes over them. Where? In their graves.

Allah says in the Quran,

“And if you could but see when the angels take the souls of those who disbelieved… They are striking their faces and their backs and [saying], “Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire.” (8:50)

The disbelievers are started being beaten up as soon as angels take them in death.

Similarly,

“Then how [will it be] when the angels take them in death, striking their faces and their backs?” (47:27)

At another place in the Quran,

“Because of their sins they were drowned and put into the Fire, and they found not for themselves besides Allah [any] helpers.” (71:25)

Their graves were in the water as they were drowned. How did they enter the fire when they were drowned? It was the punishment in their graves.

IN THE SUNNAH

Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Janaiz, 376:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Once Allah’s Apostle passed by (the grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.” 

Bukhari, Book no. 3, Hadith no. 86:

Narrated Asma: I came to ‘Aisha while she was praying, and said to her, “What has happened to the people?” She pointed out towards the sky. (I looked towards the mosque), and saw the people offering the prayer. Aisha said, “Subhan Allah.” I said to her, “Is there a sign?” She nodded with her head meaning, “Yes.” I, too, then stood (for the prayer of eclipse) till I became (nearly) unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the prayer, the Prophet praised and glorified Allah and then said, “Just now at this place I have seen what I have never seen before, including Paradise and Hell. No doubt it has been inspired to me that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of Masiah-ad-Dajjal or nearly like it (the sub narrator is not sure which expression Asma’ used). You will be asked, ‘What do you know about this man (the Prophet Muhammad)?’ Then the faithful believer (or Asma’ said a similar word) will reply, ‘He is Muhammad Allah’s Apostle who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance and so we accepted his teachings and followed him. And he is Muhammad.’ And he will repeat it thrice. Then the angels will say to him, ‘Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you were a faithful believer.’ On the other hand, a hypocrite or a doubtful person will reply, ‘I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said it.’ (the same). “

Bukhari, Book no. 4, Hadith no. 215:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Once the Prophet, while passing through one of the grave-yards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet said, “These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid).” The Prophet then added, “Yes! (they are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmiy between friends). The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, “I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried.” 

Bukhari, Book no. 12, Hadith no. 795:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying “Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min adhabil-qabri, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-masihid-dajjal, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya wa fitnatil-mamati. Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minal-ma thami wal-maghrami. (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and from the afflictions of Masi,h Ad-Dajjal and from the afflictions of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the sins and from being in debt).” Somebody said to him, “Why do you so frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?” The Prophet replied, “A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them).” ‘Aisha also narrated: I heard Allah’s Apostle in his prayer seeking refuge with Allah from the afflictions of Ad-dajjal.

Bukhari, Book no. 23, Hadith no. 376:

Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Once Allah’s Apostle passed by (the grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, “They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave.”

Bukhari, Book no. 23, Hadith no. 379:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar from his father: The Prophet said, “The deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over him.”

Bukhari, Book no. 75, Hadith no. 377:

Narrated ‘Aisha: Two old ladies from among the Jewish ladies entered upon me and said’ “The dead are punished in their graves,” but I thought they were telling a lie and did not believe them in the beginning. When they went away and the Prophet entered upon me, I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Two old ladies..” and told him the whole story. He said, “They told the truth; the dead are really punished, to the extent that all the animals hear (the sound resulting from) their punishment.” Since then I always saw him seeking refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave in his prayers.

Read more about punishment of the grave here.

If you might say, why do we need the hadith for reference? Why not only Quran?

Well, here’s your answer: http://rajazia.blogspot.com/2010/10/following-sunnah-concise-reply-to-quran.html

Wassalam,
Hajrah.

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