Then after this praise, the slave sends greetings of peace upon Allah’s righteous slaves, those of His slaves whom He chose. This is similar to the Quranic verse, Say, all praises for Allah and peace upon His slaves whom He chose (27:59).
This is the greeting that has been prescribed for creation. First the slave greets the Creator, next the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa salam) who was the direct means of all the felicity that mankind received, and then upon Allah’s pious slaves. Foremost are the prophets, the angels, then the companions of Muhammad (salalahu alayhi wa salam), the followers of the prophets, and after that a general application to every pious slave in the sky and earth.
Then he testifies the testimony of truth, upon which salat is based. Salat is one of the duties imposed by the shahada. After affirming the oneness of Allah, the slave affirms the truth of the Prophet (salalahu alayhi wa salam). Just as the shahadah of truth is towards the end of salat, the person who is fortunate enough to utter: La illaha illa Allah, as his final words, he will enter Paradise.
Hence, the one performing ablution is told to complete his wuzu with the shahadah.
To be continued…